Keratomalacia is an eye disorder that leads to a dry cornea. Its symptoms shows the cornea domed clear bulge on the front of the eye. It becomes hazy and dry, and then ulcerated. The eyes feel extremely dry. Blinking increases, but does not seem to properly moisten them. Conjunctivitis and night blindness occurs.

Fat-like spots (Bitot's spots) appear on the sclera (white of the eye). These are white, foamy, elevated, and sharply outlined patches on the whites of the eyes.

Causes: "Xerophthalmia" means dryness of the eye. It occurs mainly in developing countries. The condition is caused by a dietary deficiency of vitamin A. Left untreated, it leads to chronic infection and the cornea (the transparent part of the front of the eye) may soften and perforate. If that happens, infection can spread inside the eye and blindness may result. Not artificial, but large doses of vitamin A is the solution.

Natural remedies for keratomalacia:

  • Take vitamin A in the form of carotene (25,000 IU for children and at least 50,000 IU for adults) per day. Increase the amount of zinc and protein consumption, and improve the general nutrition. Take a vitamin / mineral supplement twice daily.
  • Bitot's spots are caused by a vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin D and adequate protein are also needed.
  • Avoid eyestrain and smoke-filled rooms.